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Nha Trang, Vietnam

Overview

Nha Trang is a seaside town, also the capital city of Khánh Hòa Province – on the South Central Coast of Vietnam. Nha Trang is becoming increasingly popular in recent years because of its pristine beach, best scuba diving center of Vietnam as well as lots of interesting places and delicious food to enjoy.



Location & History


According to historical records, Nha Trang was known as Kauthara under the Champa, as it is still home to the famous Po Nagar Tower built by the Champa. Until the French colonization, Nha Trang used to be no more than small fishing villages. The French recognized Nha Trang as a perfect place for bathing, so they invested in the transformation to turn Nha Trang into a resort town.

Nha Trang has consistently maintained its position as one of the most beautiful bays of the world. The town is about 450km north of Saigon and 1200km south of Hanoi. With the 4-km- long main strip of beaches, Nha Trang Bay covers the area of 405km2 including 19 large and small islands. As viewed from high above, the bay looks like the aquamarine stone sparkling in the sunshine, bounded by miles of smoothly golden sands.



What to do in Nha Trang


Together with the heavenly beaches, the hot springs, diversified kinds of fish, and the colorful coral reef underwater have made Nha Trang become one of the best spots for scuba diving and snorkeling. Coming to Nha Trang in the period from January to August, one will have the chance to experience the most wonderful weather for swimming and sunbathing.




In developed countries with high living standard, zentourism is becoming more and more popular. Nowadays, people pay money for both travelling, relaxing and finding inner peace of mind. Khanh Hoa Province, in general, and Nha Trang, in particular, owns many places with the untouched nature which are very potential for zentourism development such as Hon Ba, Suoi Do, Ba Ho, Van Phong Bay. Besides visiting other famous tourism destinations and find out more about local culture, tourists will also take part in activities of practicing meditation and yoga in order to get rid of stress and mix completely with nature.

> Tran Phu Beach, Doc Let Beach, Dai Lanh Beach: best places for surfing and diving.
> Hon Tam (Silkworm islet): Vinh Nguyen, Nha Trang
> Hon Tre (Bamboo islet): Vinh Nguyen, Nha Trang
> Tri Nguyen Aquarium: Hon Mieu Island, Tri Nguyen Lake, Nha Trang

There are some other must-see spots for foreign tourists to visit, such as National Oceanographic Museum of Vietnam (01, Cau Da Street),  Nha Trang Live – a place to get freecity maps, drinks and tour travel guide books, also the largest collection of local paintings(Thong Nhat Street & 2 Thang 4 Street).

What to see in Nha Trang


Surrounded on all three sides by mountain ranges, Nha Trang also offers the picturesque vista of primary forest, water fall and high mountain peak floating in soft could. Located 60km far from the city center, with the height of 1578m, Hon Ba Peak is regarded as “the second Da Lat of Vietnam”. Ones will need to drive about 25km of mountain pass and bendy slopes until reaching this area. Being overheated by the temperature of sunlight and ocean? The pure air and cool temperature here will definitely ease your feelings. Scientists estimate that there are more than 40 rare floras and 60 endangered species living in Hon Ba Mountain. If you are tired of beaches, Hon Ba may be a great place to visit.

What to eat in Nha Trang


Coming to Nha Trang, tourists will be amazed at its delicacies, mostly from various kinds of seafood. Nha Trang is well-known for producing the highest quality with best flavor fish sauce in Vietnam, thus, fish sauce plays an important role in the secret recipe of cooking Nha Trang’s specialties and making dipping sauce.

Among many dishes, grilled fermented pork roll, grilled beef, rice vermicelli with grilled fish and jellyfish, fresh seafood are most favorite. In addition, the swallow’s nest soup – with bird’s nests collected from the wild, is regarded as the best in Vietnam. Read our introduction to 5 cannot-miss food in Nha Trang for more ideas.

Some must try cuisines in Nha Trang includes: Cha ca (Fish patties), Cua (Crab), Nem Nha Trang (Nha Trang pork rolls).




Hanoi, Vietnam

Area: 921 sq. km

Population: 3,145,200 habitants (2005).

Administrative divisions:

- Districts: Hoan Kiem, Ba Dinh, Dong Da, Hai Ba Trung, Tay Ho, Thanh Xuan, Cau Giay, Long Bien, Hoang Mai.

 - Rural districts: Dong Anh, Soc Son, Thanh Tri, Tu Liem, Gia Lam.


Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Hoa...

Hanoi is the capital of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the center of culture, politics, economy and trade of the whole country.


Geography

 

Hanoi is located in the Red River Delta, in the center of North Vietnam. It is encompassed by Thai Nguyen Province to the north, Vinh Phuc and Ha Tay to the west and south, Bac Giang, Bac Ninh and Hung Yen provinces to the east and south-east. Hanoi means "the hinterland between the rivers" (Ha: river, Noi: interior). Hanoi's territory is washed by the Red River (the portion of the Red River embracing Hanoi is approximately 40km long) and its tributaries, but there are some other rivers flowing through the capital, including Duong, Cau, Ca Lo, Day, Nhue, Tich, To Lich and Kim Nguu.


Climate: Hanoi is situated in a tropical monsoon zone with two main seasons. During the dry season, which lasts from October to April, it is cold and there is very little rainfall, except from January to March, when the weather is still cold but there is some light rain. The wet season, from May to September, is hot with heavy rains and storms. The average annual temperature is 23.2ºC (73.7ºF) and the average annual rainfall is 1,800mm. The average temperature in winter is 17.2ºC (62.9ºF), but can go down to 8?C (46.4ºF). The average temperature in summer is 29.2ºC (84.6ºF, but can reach to 39ºC (102.2ºF).

 

History

 

 Hanoi is a sacred land of Vietnam. In the 3rd century BC, Co Loa (actually belonging to Dong Anh District) was chosen as the capital of the Au Lac Nation of Thuc An Duong Vuong (the King Thuc). Hanoi later became the core of the resistance movements against the Northern invasions. Located in the middle of the Red River Delta, the town has gradually expanded to become a dense and rich residential center. At different periods, Hanoi had been selected as the chief city of Vietnam under the Northern domination.In the autumn of Canh Tuat Lunar years (1010), Ly Thai To, the founder of the Ly Dynasty, decided to transfer the capital from Hoa Lu to Dai La, and so he rebaptized it Thang Long (Soaring Dragon). The year 1010 then became an historical date for Hanoi and for the whole country in general. For about a thousand years, the capital was called Thang Long, then changing to Dong Do, Dong Kinh, and finally to Hanoi, in 1831. This sacred piece of land thereafter continued to be the theatre of many fateful events.

 

Tourism

Throughout the thousand years of its eventful history, marked by destruction, wars and natural calamities, Hanoi still preserves many ancient architectural works including the Old Quarter and over 600 pagodas and temples. Famous sites include the One Pillar Pagoda (built in 1049), the Temple of Literature (built in 1070), Hanoi Citadel, Hanoi Opera House, President Ho Chi Minh's Mausoleum...


Hanoi also characteristically contains 18 beautiful lakes such as Hoan Kiem Lake, West Lake, and Truc Bach Lake..., which are the lungs of the city, with their surrounding gardens and trees providing a vital source of energy.

Many traditional handicrafts are also practiced in Hanoi including bronze molding, silver carving, lacquer, and embroidery. Hanoi has many famous traditional professional handicraft villages such as Bat Trang pottery village, Ngu Xa bronze casting village, Yen Thai glossy silk...

 

Transportation

 

 By road: Hanoi is 93km from Ninh Binh, 102km from Haiphong, 153km from Thanh Hoa, 151km from Halong, 474km from Dien Bien Phu, 658km from Hue, 763km from Danang, and 1,710km from Ho Chi Minh City.

By air: Noi Bai International Airport, over 35km from the city center, is one of the biggest airports of the country with various international and domestic routes. There are domestic flights from Hanoi to Danang, Dien Bien, Ho Chi Minh City, Hue, Nha Trang and international flights to many countries in over the world.

By train: Hanoi Railway Station is Vietnam's main railway station. It is the starting point of five railway lines leading to almost every province in Vietnam.

Source TCDLVN
Danang City  

Area: 1,283.4 sq. km 
Population: 926 thousand habitants (2010)
Administrative divisions:
- Districs: Hai Chau, Thanh Khe, Son Tra, Ngu Hanh Son, Lien Chieu, Cam Le.
- Rural districts: Hoa Vang, Hoang Sa.
Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Hoa, Co Tu, Tay...  
  
Geography
Danang City is located in middle of Central Vietnam, between Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, separated from Laos by the western Truong Son Mountains. It is surrounded by Thua Thien-Hue along the northern border and Quang Nam on the southern border. It is embraced by the East Sea with 150km of seacoast.
Topography is rather complex. The south is impressive Hai Van Pass with Mang Mountain 1,708m, Ba Na Mountain 1,487m. The east is Son Tra Peninsula, an ideal site of yellow sand beaches, historical remains, and rare bird and animal species. The south is Ngu Hanh Son (Marble Mountains). The seashore is Hoang Sa archipelago with a large fishery.
 
Dragon Bridge
 
 
   
  
Ba Na Resort                                                                     Son Tra Peninsula       

        
Climate: Danang is located in the zone of typical tropical monsoon, temperate and equable climate. The city's weather bears the combination of the north and the south climate characters with the inclination to the former. There are two seasons: the wet from August to December and the dry season from January to July, cold waves are occasional but they are of average and short lasting. Average humidity is 83.4%.

Average temperature is about 260C, the highest is 28-300C in June, July, August, the lowest is 18-230C in December, January, February. In Ba Na Mountain, the temperature is 200C. Average rainfall is 2,505mm per year that concentrates during October and November.

Tourism
Danang is an ancient land, closely related with the Sa Huynh cultural traditions. Many imposing, palaces, towers, temples, citadels and ramparts, the vestiges from 1st to 13th are still to be seen in Cham Museum
Danang has other various interesting attractions as Ba Na Tourist Resort, Ngu Hanh Son (Marble Mountains) as well as the Linh Ung Pagoda, Han River, and My An, Non Nuoc beaches, stretching on dozens of kilometers...


    
My Khe Beach



                                                                                   Champa Sculpture Art Museum


Transportation 

Road: Danang is 108km from Hue, 130km from Quang Ngai, 763km from Hanoi, and 947km from Ho Chi Minh City.

Air: The Danang International Airport is 2.5km south-west of the city center. There are domestic flights to some cities. There are direct flight from Bangkok, Hong Kong, Siem Riep, Taipei and Singapore to Danang City by Vietnam Airlines, PB Air, Siem Riep Air way, Far Transportasion and Sil Airway. 

Train:Thong Nhat Express train, which connects Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, stop in Danang.

Water: There are marine routes to international and domestic ports. Tien Sa and Han River ports are located in a very wonderful position.
 
DA NANG AIRPORT (DAD)
Da Nang International Airport (DAD) is located in Hai Chau, a county of Da Nang city, about 5km from the city center. Though this is the third biggest airport after Tan Son Nhat International Airport (SGN) and Noi Bai International Airport (HAN), it is much smaller in size and volume of arrivals than the other two.
Da Nang International Airport was built in 1940 and served as an important military base until the Reunification in 1975. As of December 2011, the old airport base was closed and replaced by a brand new building nearby. 
 
The old Danang Airport

The new Danang Airport - just steps away from the old building

The new airport currently in use contains two parallel runways with the length of approximately 3,050m each way, which can accommodate larger airplanes such as Boeing 747s, 767s, AirBus 330s, 340s or Antonov 124. With the capacity of six million passengers per year, the new airport has a lot more modern facility and services.
 
Departure hall of the new Danang Airport

The traffic volume in Da Nang International Airport is about 100 to 150 flights a day from more than 10 airlines. From Da Nang International Airport, it is easy to travel domestically to other destinations such as Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Pleiku, Qui Nhon with Vietnam Airlines or Jetstar Pacific.
Along with the domestic airways, there are many international flights, mostly from South East Asia and East Asia, like Seoul – Da Nang (Korean Air and Asiana Airlines), Guangzhou – Da Nang (China Southern Airlines) or Singapore – Da Nang (SilkAir). The airport is expected to receive more flights from popular destinations in adjacent territories such as Hong Kong, Japan or Thailand in the near future.
From Da Nang Airport to city center
Da Nang Airport is only 5km away from the city center and 8km from the beach resort areas. Taxis are currently the most convenient way to get from the airport to downtown area. You can flag one off as you exit the airport. Taxi rate is about $5 to hotels in downtown Danang and $8 to beach front resorts.





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